Professor Steven Freeland    

Steven Freeland (BCom, LLB, LLM, PhD) is Professor of International Law at Western Sydney University, Australia where he specializes in International Criminal Law, Commercial Aspects of Space Law, Public International Law and Human Rights Law. He was formerly Dean of the School of Law at Western Sydney University (2017-2019). He is also a Visiting Professor at the University of Vienna; Permanent Visiting Professor at the iCourts Centre of Excellence for International Courts, University of Copenhagen; Adjunct Professor at the University of Hong Kong; Member of Faculty at the London Institute of Space Policy and Law; Visiting Professor at Université Toulouse1 Capitole; Adjunct Professor at the University of Adelaide; Associate Member at the Centre for Research in Air and Space Law, McGill University; Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law; and a former Marie Curie Fellow (2013-2014). He has been an expert assessor for Government Research Councils in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, South Africa, The Netherlands and the United States and has taught various aspects of International Law at Universities in over 20 countries.

He has also been a Visiting Professional within the Appeals Chamber at the International Criminal Court (ICC), and a Special Advisor to the Danish Foreign Ministry in matters related to the ICC. He has represented the Australian Government at various United Nations Conferences and Committee Meetings, and has advised the Australian Commonwealth Department of Industry, Innovation and Science, and the New Zealand, Norwegian and several other Governments, on issues related to the regulation of space activities and the development of a space-industry strategy, and has been appointed by the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) to co-lead multilateral discussions among the Member States regarding the exploration, exploitation and utilization of space resources. Among other appointments, he is a Director of the Paris-based International Institute of Space Law (IISL); a member of the Space Law Committee of the London-based International Law Association (ILA); a member of both the Space Law Committee and War Crimes Committee of the London-based International Bar Association (IBA).

He sits on the Editorial Board of the Canada-based Annals of Air and Space Law, the German-based German Journal of Air and Space Law, the China-based Space Law Review, the London-based ROOM Space Journal, the Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of Planetary Science, and on the Advisory Board of the India-based Asian Journal of Air and Space Law, the Belarusian Yearbook of International Law and the UK-based Journal of Philosophy of International Law, as well as a series of books entitled Studies in Space Law. He is also Co-Editor of Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, a long-established series of casebooks annotating the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in East Timor.

He has authored approximately 300 publications on various aspects of International Law and has been invited to present over 1200 expert commentaries by national and international media outlets worldwide on a wide range of legal and geopolitical issues. He has been invited to present conference papers and keynote speeches in Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States and Vietnam.

Further details can be found at here.



Challenges to Effective International and National Legal Frameworks for Space Activities: Technological Change, Economics and Geopolitics


Space is vital in terms of the world economy, strategic thinking, terrestrial military strategy, geopolitics, human rights, commercial enterprise, technological innovation and, ultimately, the future of humankind. It represents so many vested interests and requires appropriate regulatory frameworks at both the international level (through treaties and internationally recognised standards and guidelines) and national level (through national law designed specifically to meet a country’s needs and ambitions). These two levels are interdependent and reflect the importance of encouraging and promoting responsible behaviour, so that space activities are conducted safely, securely and sustainably. Yet, the ongoing development of effective legal regulation at both of those levels faces considerable challenge in an environment where space-related technology is rapidly changing, where an increasingly commercialised private sector is conducting many activities crucial for national economies, and within the influence of geopolitics and a shared responsibility. This keynote will discuss the importance of contemporary and relevant legal ‘rules of the road’ for national and international space activities, and raise some considerations that must be addressed in order to appropriately enable each country to garner the benefits of space in a responsible and appropriate manner.

Professor Shinichi Nakasuka
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
School of Engineering, University of Tokyo

1983年東京大学工学部卒、1988年東京大学博士課程修了、工学博士。同年、日本アイ・ビー・エム東京基礎研究所入社。1990年より東京大学講師、助教授、アメリカ・メリーランド大学およびスタンフォード大学客員研究員を経て2004年より航空宇宙工学専攻教授。超小型人工衛星の設計・製作・運用、宇宙システムの知能化・自律化、革新的宇宙システム、宇宙機の航法誘導制御等に関する研究・教育に従事。2003年の世界初の1kg CubeSat衛星の打ち上げを皮切りに、超小型衛星9機の開発・打ち上げに成功し、2010-2014には内閣府Firstプログラムによる「通称ほどよし超小型衛星プロジェクト」リーダーを務めたが、その優れた成果が評価されて第三回内閣府宇宙開発利用大賞内閣総理大臣賞受賞。日本航空宇宙学会、SICE、IAA,等会員, IFAC元航空宇宙部会委員長およびUNISEC-GLOBAL委員長。2012年より内閣府宇宙政策委員会委員となり、2015年1月成立の現行の宇宙基本計画策定の中心的役割を果たした。

Prof. Nakasuka graduated from University of Tokyo in 1983 and got Ph.D in 1988. He joined IBM Research during 1988-1990, and then worked for Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo as a lecturer in 1990, as an Associate Professor in 1993, and became a Professor in 2004. His major research areas include guidance, navigation and control of spacecraft, applications of artificial intelligence to space systems, and novel space systems. He developed and launched the world first 1kg CubeSat in 2003, and since then successfully launched nine micro/nano/pico-satellites. He lead the governmentally funded “Hodoyoshi Project” during 2010-2014 to establish an infrastructure of developing and utilizing micro-satellites, and because of its excellent outcomes, he received “Prime Minister Award” in the 3rd Space Development and Utilization Award coordinated by Cabinet Office of Japan. He is a member of JSASS, SICE, and IAA, and the former Chairperson of IFAC Aerospace Technical Committee and current president of UNISEC-GLOBAL. He has been a member of Space Policy Committee of Cabinet Office since 2012, and played the central role to establish the current basic plan of Japanese space policy issued in January 2015.


New Era of Affordable Space Utilizations with Smaller Satellites


In June 2003, Japanese two universities, University of Tokyo and Tokyo Institute of Technology, successfully launched the world first CubeSats “XI-IV” and “CUTE-1” using Russian rocket together with 4 other universities’ CubeSat. That was the icebreaking event as to micro/nano/pico-satellite development activities in Japan and the world. With their strong features such as extremely low cost, affordable, and quick development, Micro/nano/pico satellites are now making a big “garme change” in the field pf space utilizations, giving birth of many new space venture companies.

University of Tokyo already developed 10 satellites, and 9 of them were launched and operated successfully in orbit. Two CubeSat “XI-IV (launched in 2003)” and “XI-V (2005),” 8kg satellite “PRISM (2009)” for Earth observation, and “Nano-JASMINE (waiting for launch),” for high level “Astrometry” science mission were developed in the first 10 years of our history. From 2010, I organized nationwide micro-satellite project named “Hodoyoshi Project,” through which, three Earth remote sensing satellites “Hodoyoshi-1,3,4” were launched in 2014, which showed excellent performance of taking Earth pictures up to 6m ground resolutions, with which we proved that such satellites can be utilized even for practical missions for monitoring agriculture, forestry, fishery, metropolitan areas, and disasters, etc. Based on the bus technologies developed in Hodoyoshi Project, in December 2014, we launched the world first 50kg class deep space probe “PROCYON,” which escaped from Earth gravitational field and various observation and experiment were conducted successfully in deep space. Based on the obtained technologies, we are now developing 6U CubeSat “EQUULEUS” targeting towards Earth Lunar Lagrange Point 2 to be launched by NASA’s SLS rocket in 2020. In communication field, 3U CubeSat “TRICOM-1R (2018)” succeeded in obtaining very weak (8mW) RF signal from ground, and 50kg MicroDragon was developed and launched successfully for capacity building support for Vietnam young engineers. A series of 3U CubeSats are now being developed for African countries such as Rwanda, which will solve social problems and also contribute to space education in those countries.

In this way, University of Tokyo has been stepping up from education to practical applications of micro/nano/ pico-satellites, and plans to extend their applications to wider areas. In my talk, I will show this history, some technical details, with which I hope we can discuss with audience the future possibilities of micro/nano/pico-satellites.

Professor Daniel J. Scheeres
University of Colorado Distinguished Professor
A. Richard Seebass Endowed Chair
Celestial and Spaceflight Mechanics Laboratory Head
Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research Member

Daniel J. Scheeres is a University of Colorado Distinguished Professor and is the A. Richard Seebass Endowed Chair Professor in the Ann and H.J. Smead Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder.  He currently leads the Radio Science experiment on NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission. Earlier, he has held faculty positions in Aerospace Engineering at the University of Michigan and Iowa State University, and was a Senior Member of the Technical Staff in the Navigation Systems Section at the California Institute of Technology’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.  He was awarded PhD. (1992), M.S.E. (1988) and B.S.E (1987) degrees in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Michigan, and holds a B.S. in Letters and Engineering from Calvin College (1985).  Scheeres is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a member of the International Astronautical Academy and a Fellow of both the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the American Astronautical Society.  He was awarded the Dirk Brouwer Award from the American Astronautical Society in 2013 and gave the John Breakwell Lecture at the 2011 International Astronautical Congress. Asteroid 8887 is named “Scheeres” in recognition of his contributions to the scientific understanding of the dynamical environment about asteroids.



The Future of Asteroid Exploration and the Hayabusa2 and OSIRIS-REx Missions


The year 2018 was a banner year for asteroid exploration. The Japanese Hayabusa2 spacecraft arrived at its target asteroid (162173) Ryugu and the US OSIRIS-REx spacecraft made its rendezvous with (101955) Bennu. The main goal of both of these missions is to collect samples from these primitive bodies and return them to Earth for further analysis. In order to place these valuable samples into appropriate context both missions will also explore the physical and geophysical environment of these bodies. These missions mark an important step in humanity’s continued robotic exploration of asteroids — a larger endeavor motivated by the scientific study and exploration of the solar system and the protection of the Earth against future hazardous asteroid impactors.

To carry out such missions involves significant challenges for the dynamics and control of spacecraft. These challenges will be introduced during the talk. They have also motivated exciting new approaches to the design and operation of close proximity dynamics about such small solar system bodies.

For example, the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft at Bennu will implement an entirely new approach to orbital mechanics in the asteroid environment. One which has already been proven by the mission to work very well. In contrast, the Hayabusa2 mission is using a close proximity operations strategy first tested an developed for the Hayabusa mission to asteroid Itokawa. This approach involves the spacecraft nulling out the gravitational attraction of the asteroid to “hover” above the body.

The successful implementation of such close proximity operations will usher in a new capability for the exploration of small solar system bodies. However, the approaches followed for both missions require significant interactions with the ground operations team. To enable more frequent, and lower cost, future missions there is strong interest to better understand and migrate key close proximity operations on-board the spacecraft where they can be executed autonomously. This is a topic of specific interest for NASA, and one that results from both of these missions can be leveraged for improving our future capability in this area.

This talk will discuss the technical challenges and state of the art of spacecraft operations in the asteroid environment. It will also give an overview of both the Hayabusa2 and OSIRIS-REx missions and discuss the extreme and exciting orbital dynamics environment in which these spacecraft are operating. We will also discuss future areas of research that are motivated by these missions, both in pursuit of new scientific discoveries and of autonomous operations about solar system bodies.